Villa Richter,
St. Wenceslaus' Vineyard

The area of this national cultural monument, delimited by a high enclosure wall and occupying the dominant position on the rocky promontory above the Old Castle Stairs between Klárov and Jelení příkop (Deer Moat), can be entered and exited through two entrances/exits – through the entrance directly opposite the Prague Castle gate from Černá věž (Black Tower) and through the gate at the lower part of the Old Castle Stairs from Klárov.

The restored Saint Wenceslas Vineyard is located in the central part of the grounds, on the southern slope between the buttress wall of the Old Castle Stairs and the upper scenic ridgeway. Legend has it that it is the oldest vineyard in Bohemia. Originally, the “divine vineyard” was reputedly cultivated by the patron saint of the Czech nation, Prince Wenceslas. The renovated vineyard was opened to visitors to Prague Castle in the year marking the 1100th anniversary of Saint Wenceslas's birth. Its history is thus inextricably linked with the origination of Czech statehood and the adoption of Christianity. The area is exceptional in the fact that this extremely well positioned piece of land in the middle of the city has been preserved in its original, unaltered appearance.

Its landmark is a classicist summerhouse – Villa Richter – with its northern and southern terrace, as well as the adjacent pergola, dividing the Saint Wenceslas Vineyard lengthwise into northern and southern parts. After the Kinsky Summerhouse, Villa Richter is the second-most famous classicist building in Prague.